Eccentric muscle contraction is an important aspect of exercise and physical training that many people may not be familiar with. In this article, we will define eccentric muscle contraction and explore how it can benefit your workout routine.
Eccentric muscle contraction is the type of muscle contraction that occurs when a muscle lengthens while under tension. It is also known as negative muscle contraction. During eccentric contraction, the muscle fibers are actively lengthening while producing force. This is different from concentric muscle contraction, which occurs when a muscle shortens while under tension.
Eccentric muscle contraction typically occurs when an athlete is decelerating or lowering a weight, such as during the lowering portion of a bicep curl or squat. The muscle fibers are actively controlling the movement of the weight as it is lowered, rather than just being a passive structure to support the weight.
Eccentric muscle contraction has been shown to have a number of benefits for athletes and fitness enthusiasts. One major benefit is that it can increase muscle strength and hypertrophy (muscle growth). When working out, the eccentric portion of an exercise is often the most challenging, and therefore provides the most stimulus for muscle growth.
Research has also shown that eccentric muscle contraction can increase muscle fiber recruitment and improve neuromuscular control. This means that the muscle is better able to communicate with the nervous system, allowing for more efficient movement patterns and better performance.
Despite its benefits, eccentric muscle contraction can also be a source of injury if not done correctly. It is important to gradually increase the load and volume of eccentric exercises to allow the muscle fibers to adapt and avoid overloading the muscle too quickly.
Incorporating eccentric muscle contraction into your workout routine can be a great way to improve your overall performance and strength. So next time you hit the gym, remember to focus on the lowering portion of your exercises and embrace the power of negative muscle contraction.